A Guide to EPR Compliance in India

A Guide to EPR Compliance in India
| 12 Min read

India is moving forward with environmental sustainability at a fast pace, as are many other countries. Compliance with Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is an essential component of this journey. An EPR policy holds manufacturers accountable for managing post-consumer waste as well as the complete lifecycle of their products. This article offers thorough guidance on EPR compliance in India. Read on for useful tips for companies to navigate the world of EPR.

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a policy strategy that charges producers, importers and brand owners for controlling post-consumer waste. It acknowledges that manufacturers should be responsible for the waste produced during a product’s lifecycle because they have a considerable effect on the design, packaging, and material selections of their products.
Obligations of Producers, Importers, and Brand Owners
1. Producers:
Under EPR, producers – manufacturers and people who brand products – bear the major responsibility. They are required to utilise eco-friendly materials, reduce trash output, and design products with recycling in mind. Producers must set up effective waste-collecting systems, collaborate with recycling facilities, and ensure that their products are ethically disposed of at the end of their useful lives.
2. Importers: The products that importers bring into the nation must abide by EPR laws. Their responsibility is to register with the appropriate regulatory bodies, give the required information regarding the imported goods, and follow waste management strategies. Regarding recycling goals and reporting on waste management operations, importers are held to the same standards as producers.
3. Brand Owners: Brand owners, who do not produce the goods themselves but rather only affix their brand name to them, are likewise covered by EPR. To fulfill their collective EPR obligations, they must work with manufacturers and importers. Brand owners are in charge of making sure that the goods they promote are recyclable and have a sustainable end-of-life management strategy.

EPR Implementation and Impact

Implementing EPR encourages sustainable practices and holds companies responsible for waste management. It promotes effective collection methods, recycling facilities, and education campaigns, easing the pressure on landfills, preserving resources, and lowering pollution. EPR promotes a circular economy by emphasizing recycled materials and extended product use.
Adopting EPR demonstrates a commitment to the environment, strengthens brand reputation, and increases competitiveness in markets driven by sustainability. This strategy is essential to accomplishing environmental objectives and creating a more sustainable future for future generations.

EPR Registration

The first step towards compliance with Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) laws for producers, importers, and brand owners is EPR registration. Companies must register with the relevant regulatory bodies before manufacturing or importing products that are subject to EPR. During the registration procedure, specific information must be provided regarding the products, the anticipated amount of trash produced, and the suggested waste management strategy. The government can track each entity’s accountability and make sure they follow the set rules by registering them.

EPR Compliance

EPR compliance is an essential component of ethical waste management. Once registered, firms must carry out their EPR responsibilities, which include putting in place collection systems, recycling facilities, and eco-friendly waste disposal techniques. Meeting recycling goals and routinely reporting waste management actions to regulatory bodies are requirements for compliance. Penalties and legal repercussions may follow non-compliance. Companies must prioritise sustainability, resource conservation, and circular economy principles to achieve EPR compliance.

EPR Fulfilment

EPR fulfilment entails putting the waste management plans developed during EPR compliance into action. It necessitates spending money on effective trash transportation, collection, and recycling infrastructure. Given that PROs are experts at organising waste management efforts on behalf of producers, working with them can simplify the EPR fulfilment process. Successful EPR fulfilment also depends on recyclability, customer awareness campaigns, and sustainable product design.
Using technology-driven solutions, such as waste management software and IoT-enabled smart bins, improves overall EPR compliance and fulfilment while optimising waste collection. Businesses play a critical part in promoting environmental sustainability and accelerating the transition to a greener future by diligently meeting their EPR commitments.

What are the EPR Guidelines in India?

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) guidelines specify the obligations and conditions that producers, importers, and brand owners must meet to comply with EPR laws. In recognition of the variety of products and their effects on the environment, these guidelines are adjusted to various product categories and waste streams.


In India, numerous laws, norms, and regulations govern EPR compliance. The main laws are,

EPR Guidelines for Plastic Waste

Plastic waste is a major environmental concern due to its non-biodegradable nature and detrimental effects on ecosystems. Producers are required by plastic EPR requirements to manage plastic waste proactively and promote recycling. Important components of the plastic EPR guidelines include:

  • Plastic Waste Collection and Channellisation: Producers need to set up a mechanism for collecting and directing the plastic garbage that comes from their products.

    To ensure the effective handling of plastic garbage, they can establish collection centres or collaborate with PROs and waste management organisations.

  • Financial Contribution to PROs: Producers are expected to make financial contributions to PROs or other registered organisations in charge of managing plastic trash.

    This money is used to build infrastructure, launch awareness programmes, and make recycling plastic garbage easier.

  • Compliance Reporting: Producers are required to send periodic reports to the regulatory bodies outlining their procedures for managing plastic waste, including the total amount of plastic trash they have collected, recycled, and disposed of.

EPR for E-Waste 

The E-Waste [Management] Rules (EWMR) offer comprehensive instructions for handling electronic trash in India properly. According to these regulations, producers of electronic items are specifically responsible for the following:


  • E-Waste Collection Mechanism: Producers are required to create collection facilities or take part in the development of such facilities. These facilities are in charge of receiving and directing e-waste to approved recyclers.

  • Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Plan: Producers are expected to create and submit an Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) strategy to the relevant regulatory bodies. This plan details their approach to managing e-waste, which includes collection, transportation, recycling, and awareness raising.

  • Authorisation and Compliance: Producers must get the relevant State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) authorisations and adhere to the rules’ requirements. They must also keep track of their actions and guarantee the environmentally friendly recycling of e-waste.

EPR for Tyre Waste

Tyre waste poses unique concerns due to its size and durability. The purpose of EPR tyre recommendations is to ensure correct handling and disposal of used tyres to avoid environmental dangers. The ERP and provisions for utilising and managing tyre waste by producers and recyclers have been included in the 9th Schedule of The Hazardous and Other Wastes Amendment Rules, 2022. 


  • Responsibilities of Tyre Producers and Importers: Tyre producers and importers have a responsibility to guarantee that waste tyres are managed in an environmentally friendly way. The adjustment of extended producer responsibility requirements for each year, including the obligation for the current year and any duties from prior years that were carried over, should also be reported. They must set up facilities for collecting worn tyres and directing them to licensed recyclers or waste processors.

  • Registration and Reporting: Tyre manufacturers and importers must register with the appropriate authorities and provide recurring reports on their tyre waste management operations. Producers must provide quarterly reports about their purchases of extended producer responsibility certificates, as well as information on the importation or production of new tyres of various years, the quantity of waste or new tyres.

  • Environmentally Sound Recycling: The regulations encourage the environmentally sound recycling of used tyres using a variety of techniques, including retreading, co-processing, or material recovery.

  • Recyclers: Recyclers must have a mechanism for reporting information on the amount of recycled materials and finished goods as well as data on the creation and sale of extended producer responsibility certificates. In the case of waste tyre importers, they must make sure that the value of the extended producer responsibility is diminished by dividing it by the waste percentage.

EPR for Battery Waste

EPR guidelines for batteries focus on ensuring the safe disposal and recycling of used batteries. Key aspects of EPR guidelines for batteries include:

  • Producers’ Responsibilities: Producers or manufacturers of batteries are in charge of gathering used batteries and directing them toward safe disposal or environmentally beneficial recycling. To make it easier to collect spent batteries from customers, they must set up collection methods.

  • EPR Plan for Battery Management: Producers are required by the regulations to submit an EPR plan explaining their approach to managing used batteries, including collecting, recycling, and awareness programmes. Producers must also meet the recycling goals set by the governing bodies.

  • Collection Centres: To ease the correct collection and disposal of used batteries, the regulations call for the development of collection centres or partnerships with authorised recyclers.

  • Consumer Awareness: Producers are required to run consumer education campaigns to inform consumers about the right way to dispose of spent batteries and the value of recycling.

Businesses can complete their environmental responsibilities, contribute to resource conservation and waste reduction, and support India’s sustainability goals by adhering to the specific EPR requirements for their product categories. EPR compliance in these areas has a big impact on the environment and helps the country move towards a greener, more sustainable future.

Stakeholders Involved in EPR Compliance

A variety of stakeholders who play crucial roles in ensuring the successful implementation of waste management policies are involved in EPR compliance. In the EPR process, each stakeholder has particular duties and contributions.

EPR for Producers

The duty of managing the waste produced by their products rests mostly with the producers, who are at the forefront of EPR compliance. Their primary duties consist of:

  • Design for Recyclability: Producers must use eco-friendly design concepts for their goods to make them easily recyclable, use sustainable materials, and generate the least amount of waste possible.

  • Collection and Channelisation: Establishing methods for collecting post-consumer waste and working with PROs to efficiently channel it to approved recycling facilities.

  • Recycling Targets: Achieving recycling goals established by regulatory organisations to guarantee that a specific proportion of trash is recycled and diverted from landfills.

  • Reporting and Record-Keeping: Keeping complete records of waste management operations and sending compliance reports to regulatory authorities.

EPR for Importers

Product importers are similarly accountable for EPR, particularly when they bring items into the nation. They play a variety of tasks, including: 

  • Collaboration with Producers: Importers and producers must cooperate closely to achieve a seamless waste management process and complete EPR requirements jointly.

  • Registration and Reporting: Importers must register with the relevant authorities and submit compliance statements regarding their waste management initiatives.

  • EPR guidelines Compliance: Following the particular EPR rules pertinent to the product categories they import.

EPR for Brand Owners

Brand owners, who may not be the actual makers of goods but are linked with them via the use of their brand names, also have EPR responsibilities. Their roles include:

  • Collaborative Efforts: In order to conduct waste management efforts and guarantee compliance, they collaborate with producers and importers.

  • Supporting Producers: Helping producers create recyclable items and spread sustainable business methods.

  • Brand Reputation: By actively supporting eco-friendly projects and adhering to EPR regulations, brand owners can improve the perception of their brands.

What SDGs can Indian companies achieve with EPR Compliance?

India confronts major issues in waste management due to its expanding consumer market and fast-growing population. EPR is a crucial instrument for dealing with these issues and fulfilling India’s sustainability objectives.

  • EPR has the potential to considerably simplify and improve waste management procedures, which is one of the key factors supporting its significance for India’s sustainability goals. To reduce environmental degradation and health risks, the nation’s growing volume of waste must be managed safely. 

    • EPR guarantees that waste is managed in an environmentally friendly way by holding producers accountable for the end-of-life waste management of their products.

  • EPR is essential for resource preservation as well. Natural resources are abundant in India, but their exploitation and consumption must be done responsibly. 

    • EPR pushes manufacturers to apply eco-friendly procedures, plan their products for recycling, and choose less resource-intensive materials. 

    • EPR helps make optimal use of scarce resources and eases the burden on ecosystems by promoting resource conservation.

  • EPR improves customer loyalty and brand reputation. 

    • Businesses that embrace EPR and show their dedication to responsible waste management can stand out in a world where consumers are becoming more concerned about sustainability. 

    • EPR compliance can also help develop a favourable brand image. Businesses can get a competitive edge in the market, attract environmentally aware customers, and enhance customer loyalty.

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDG) and Targets

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDG) and targets that can be achieved by EPR have been highlighted out below:

Sl No

SDG Goal



SDG 12:

Responsible Consumption and Production

Target 12.4:

By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle; By agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release into air, water, and soil to minimise their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.


SDG 14:

Life Below Water

Target 14.1:

By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, particularly from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution.


SDG 15:

Life on Land

Target 15.3:

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land, and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought, and floods, and strive to achieve a land-degradation-neutral world.


SDG 11:

Sustainable Cities and Communities

Target 11.6:

By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management.


SDG 6:

Clean Water and Sanitation

Target 6.3:

By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping, minimising the release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater, and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.


SDG 13:

Climate Action

Target 13.3:

Improve education, awareness-raising, and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction, and early warning


SDG 17:

Partnerships for the Goals

Target 17.16:

Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilise and share knowledge, expertise, technology, and financial resources to support the achievement of sustainable development goals in all countries

India can significantly advance towards reaching these UNSDGs by promoting responsible production and consumption, lowering pollution, conserving natural resources, and fostering a more sustainable future through the proper implementation of EPR.

How Do PROs Help You Comply With EPR Guidelines?

Producer Responsibility Organisations (PROs) are crucial in helping businesses comply with EPR regulations. They serve as middlemen, facilitating efficient waste disposal and ensuring that manufacturers, importers, and brand owners adhere to their EPR commitments. Here’s how PROs assist companies in following EPR guidelines:

-Streamlining Waste Management Processes

PROs build effective systems for garbage collection and channelisation, streamlining waste management procedures. They establish a network of collecting facilities, collaborate with waste management companies, and guarantee the efficient transportation of post-consumer trash to licensed recyclers.

PROs free businesses from the logistical strain and improve the effectiveness of the entire process by providing well-organised waste collection and transportation services.

- Expert Knowledge and Guidance

PROs are knowledgeable about waste management procedures, product classifications, and EPR rules. They assist companies in comprehending their particular EPR needs, creating products for recycling, and establishing efficient trash collection systems.

PROs keep up with evolving legislation, ensuring that businesses adhere to the most recent standards and reporting obligations.

-Compliance Reporting and Documentation

A key component of EPR rules is the keeping of correct records and the submission of compliance reports. PROs help businesses record all aspects of their waste management processes, such as collection, recycling, and disposal. They make sure that the required reports are accurately completed and sent on time to the appropriate regulatory authorities.

PROs are essential in streamlining the reporting process for compliance, reducing errors, and assuring transparency.

-Developing Collaborations and Partnerships

PROs encourage cooperation among diverse EPR compliance stakeholders. They serve as a conduit between producers, recyclers, regulatory bodies and waste management companies, fostering respect and collaboration. PROs support collaborations that bolster waste management programmes and produce greater long-lasting results. These partnerships are necessary for the development of a circular economy and the effective application of EPR principles.

-Supporting Sustainability Initiatives

PROs actively promote green practises and sustainable waste management projects. They push for the adoption of eco-friendly practises by businesses, as well as trash reduction and recycling initiatives. PROs may provide advice on eco-design, material choice, and waste management techniques. PROs help the broader environmental aims of EPR compliance by supporting sustainable efforts.

-Enhancing Resource Efficiency 

PROs assist businesses in maximising resource efficiency through their knowledge of waste management. By encouraging sensible production and consumption habits, they maximise resource recovery through recycling and reusing. Companies may lessen their environmental effect, save natural resources, and support a more sustainable economy by increasing resource efficiency.

Why Recykal is Your One-Stop Sustainability Partner?

Recykal provides businesses with a full range of services to help them achieve EPR compliance and efficient waste management. They offer a variety of solutions, including waste audits, individualised sustainability strategies, and state-of-the-art digital systems for tracking and reporting trash in real-time. Businesses may actively support the circular economy by working with Recykal to promote effective recycling and resource recovery. Companies stay updated about environmentally friendly waste management techniques thanks to expert advice and knowledge sharing.
Adopting Recykal’s solutions has a positive influence on the environment by lowering pollution and saving resources. Additionally, companies build their brand’s reputation, luring eco-aware clients and encouraging loyalty. Companies who work with Recykal become change agents, advancing a greener, more sustainable future.

Recykal's Sustainable Solutions

Recykal is a leading sustainability partner in India that offers comprehensive EPR compliance solutions. They offer a range of services to help organisations navigate the complexity of waste management and achieve their sustainability goals.

  • Recykal offers consultation services, waste audits and assessments, and customised sustainability solutions to address the particular needs of businesses. 

  • By employing Recykal’s expertise, businesses can increase resource efficiency, develop and implement effective waste management systems, and comply with EPR standards.

Digital Tools for EPR Compliance

To make EPR compliance for enterprises easier, Recykal provides digital tools and software solutions. Their technologically based solutions make data management, reporting, and monitoring of EPR-related operations simple.

  • The software platform offered by Recykal enables businesses to track waste pickup, produce compliance reports, and maintain records for regulatory requirements. 

  • These tools improve operational effectiveness, lower manual error rates, and aid companies in fulfilling their EPR duties.

Discover Recykal's Transformative Solutions for EPR Compliance

Recykal offers an EPR platform for managing EPR compliance. It helps execute end-to-end solutions for various types of waste material for which EPR is mandatory. They assist in streamlining waste management processes, creating new economic opportunities, and promoting the growth of a circular economy.

Organisations can transform into sustainability with Recykal. They can gain a competitive advantage, raise brand recognition, and attract a clientele that cares about the environment.

Recykal’s solutions give businesses the ability to go beyond only remaining compliant and contribute to a greener, more sustainable society.

Are businesses ready to start their sustainable journey? They can visit https://recykal.com/ to learn more about Recykal’s revolutionary solutions and to begin the EPR compliance process.

Paving the Way for a Greener Future

Adopting EPR compliance is a crucial step towards responsible waste management and resource conservation as India works to achieve a sustainable future.

  • Businesses can help preserve the environment by taking the initiative to comply with EPR standards, as well as open up new business prospects and strengthen their brand reputation.

In conclusion, companies in India must embrace Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) compliance to support environmental sustainability and fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations (UN). EPR encourages a circular economy, resource conservation, responsible consumption, and production while holding producers responsible for handling post-consumer trash. Businesses may expedite waste management procedures, adhere to regulations, and advance sustainability by following EPR rules and working with EPR compliance partners like Recykal. Companies play a critical role in constructing a greener and more sustainable future for India and the rest of the globe through their dedication to EPR compliance and sustainable waste management practises.


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